Marat, Jean-Paul

(1743-1793)
   physician, publicist, political figure
   A leading figure of the revolution of 1789, Jean-Paul Marat was born in Boudry, Neuchâtel, switzerland. His mother, a calvinist, was from Geneva, and his father was of sardinian origin. in
France, Marat studied science and medicine, which he later practiced. He wrote a number of philosophic essays, in particular, Les Chaînes de l'esclavage (1774), in which he attacked all forms of tyranny, denounced the corruption of the royal court, and aligned himself with freemasonry. settling in Paris (1776), he served for a time as physician to the guards of the count of Artois (see charles x). His scientific works on fire, light, and electricity gained the attention of Benjamin Franklin, the American scientist and statesman, and J. W. von Goethe, the German writer. In 1780, he wrote Plan de législation criminelle, in which he proposed reforms put forth earlier by cesare Bec-caria. solitary and bitter, Marat, in september 1789, founded the radical newspaper L'Ami du peuple, which became known for its violent tone. in it, he attacked any political moderates. Elected to the Convention, he joined the extreme montagnards and called for the end of the monarchy. He contributed also to the violence that would characterize the Revolution after 1792, and achieved the purging of the moderate Girondins from the government, leading to formation of the jacobin regime. At the peak of his power, Marat, in July 1793, was assassinated by charlotte corday. Thereafter, he became enshrined as one of the popular heroes of the Revolution.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marat, Jean-Paul — born , May 24, 1743, Boudry, near Neuchâtel, Switz. died July 13, 1793, Paris, France French politician and a leader of the radical Montagnard faction in the French Revolution. He was a well known doctor in London in the 1770s. Returning to… …   Universalium

  • Marat, Jean-Paul — ► (1743 93) Político revolucionario francés. Se convirtió en protagonista y defensor de la masa popular, formó parte de los jacobinos y fue hostil e intransigente con los girondinos. Murió asesinado. * * * (24 may. 1743, Boudry, cerca de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marat,Jean Paul — Ma·rat (mə räʹ, mä ), Jean Paul. 1743 1793. Swiss born French revolutionary who founded (1789) L Ami du peuple, which supported the French Revolution. He was elected to the National Convention in 1792 but was assassinated in the following year by …   Universalium

  • MARAT, JEAN PAUL —    a fanatical democrat, born in Neuchâtel, his father an Italian, his mother a Genevese; studied and practised medicine, came to Paris as horse leech to Count d Artois; became infected with the revolutionary fever, and had one fixed idea: Give… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jean Paul Marat — (1824) Jean Paul Marat (* 24. Mai 1743 in Boudry, Fürstentum Neuenburg, heute Kanton Neuchâtel, Schweiz; † 13. Juli 1793 in Paris) war Arzt, Naturwissenschaftler, Autor, Verleger und Journalist in der Zeit der Aufklärung. Er gilt als einer der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-paul marat — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marat. Jean Paul Marat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Paul Marat — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marat. Jean Paul Marat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Paul Marat — (1824) Jean Paul Marat (* 24. Mai 1743 in Boudry, heute Kanton Neuchâtel, Schweiz; † 13. Juli 1793 in Paris) war Arzt, Verleger und Journalist. Er gilt als einer der radikalsten Führer der Französischen Revolution auf Seiten der Jakobiner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Paul Marat — «Marat» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Marat (desambiguación). Jean Paul Marat Jean Paul Marat según un grabado de 1824 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean-Paul Marat — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marat. Jean Paul Marat …   Wikipédia en Français

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